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Hydrogen peroxide

General Information

Please find below basic information about hydrogen peroxide!

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a clear, colorless, inorganic liquid with an acidic pH. Because of the complete solubility of Hydrogen peroxide in water, solutions of a wide range of concentrations can be made. The amount of H2O2 present is expressed as a percent of the solutions weight. Thus, 10 kilograms of a 35% solution contains 3.5 kilograms of Hydrogen peroxide and 6.5 kilograms of water.

Hydrogen peroxide is produced today almost exclusively according to the anthraquinone-autoxidation (AO) process. In this AO process, hydrogen peroxide is produced from hydrogen and atmospheric oxygen, whereby an anthraquinone derivative, which is circulated, acts as "reaction carrier". The crude hydrogen peroxide derived through the AO process is then purified and concentrated. After appropriate stabilization, it is marketed as an aqueous solution, usually in concentrations of 35, 50, and 70 percent by weight. Other concentrations or special grades, the purity and stabilization of which are matched to special requirements, are likewise available.

TECHNICAL DATA

Description

CAS name

Hydrogen peroxide

CAS number

7722-84-1

Formula

H2O2

Markets

Pulp, paper and packaging
Food, feed and beverages
Home, lifestyle and Personal Care
Pharma and Health Care
Electronics and telecommunication
Environment and utilities
Metals, mining 
Oil and Ggs
Plastics
Agriculture
Transportation, aeronautics

Effects

Bleaching agent
Disinfectant
Oxidizer

EINECS

231-765-0

Code

Hydrogen peroxide

Synonyms

Hydrogen dioxide
Bleaching chemical
Perhydrol
Eau oxygenée
Peroxyde

Molecular weight

34 g/mol

Delivery form

can, drum, IBC, bulk 

Comment

Hydrogen peroxide is an environmentally friendly chemical; it decomposes to yield only oxygen and water, hydrogen peroxide is one of the cleanest, most versatile chemicals available.

Peracetic acid is an equilibrium mixture of peracetic acid, hydrogen peroxide, acetic acid and water that is available in various grades. Concentrations up to 15 percent are used as sanitizers, disinfectants and sterilants in the food and beverage industry, for aseptic packaging (PET), in laundries, in animal health care, as an anti-slime agent, for wastewater treatment and as a sterilant in medical applications. Grades with higher concentrations up to 40 percent are are exclusively used for oxidation reactions in chemical synthesis.